Andy’s Quick Hits (237): Caffeine Makes You More Prone to Impulsive Buying
A fascinating piece of research just published shows that drinking coffee makes you more impulsive. That means you are likely to buy more, and more items you actually don’t need.
What is astounding though, is that the effect sizes in this study was dramatic to say the least.
What did these researchers at the University of South Florida find?
They set up a complimentary coffee stand at a store and then offered shoppers complimentary coffee. But only half received caffeinated coffee with the other half receiving decaffeinated coffee. 300 of these people then shared their receipts with the researchers.
The found that those who had drank the caffeinated coffee spent 50% more on average and 30% more items. This figure is exceptionally high. Also suggesting that these individuals probably had no strict budget restraints.
The analysis also showed that those caffeinated shoppers also bought more non-essential items. However, this was not a controlled lab experiment, so the researchers also conducted a lab-based experiment whereby 200 participants then selected what they wanted to buy from a preselected list of 66 items. Again, after drinking caffeinated coffee or decaffeinated coffee or a non-caffeine drink such as water.
The again found that those who had drunk the caffeinated coffee picked more items that could be considered impulsive purchases i.e. non-essential items.
The effect sizes are so large I would certainly like to see more follow studies on this. However, the group sizes should be large enough to weed out any fluke irregularities. The researchers noted that caffeine is a stimulant and also actives various energizing and feel-good pathways in the brain notably the dopamine network. This can lead to a higher energetic state but also more impulsiveness and lower self-control.
So mental note: before going shopping, keep off the coffee
Dipayan Biswas, Patrick Hartmann, Martin Eisend, Courtney Szocs, Bruna Jochims, Vanessa Apaolaza, Erik Hermann, Cristina M. López, Adilson Borges.
EXPRESS: Caffeine’s Effects on Consumer Spending
Journal of Marketing, 2022